What does Foster Adoption mean?
It is not unusual for a foster family to consider adoption. In fact, foster parent adoptions account for more than half the adoptions of children from foster care. One of the main differences between foster care and adoption, however, is that foster care is considered a temporary placement for a child, generally due to the neglect or abuse of the parent, and adoption is a life-time emotional, financial and physical responsibility of caring for the child.
If a family decides to adopt a foster child they are taking full responsibility for the child. This means they will have to decide issues about travel, schooling, medical care, discipline, and family visitation. Although the adoptive family may choose to allow the birth family too have some involvement or visitation rights with the adopted child, decision-making responsibility after the adoption will reside with the adoptive parents.
There are several benefits of adopting a foster child. For instance, the foster family is already familiar with the child's personality and family and medical history and can build on that existing relationship. Families also already understand the child's background and how it may affect their personality and behavior. The foster family may also already have a relationship with the birth family and understand their strengths and problems. If you are considering foster care to potential adoption, make sure you understand the commitment.